Cloud Services

September, 2021


At the user endpoint, only a recent and standards-compliant browser is required. We guarantee fast and error-free operation using the current version of Google Chrome. Using other and/or outdated browsers, your mileage may vary.

The Lighthouse audits, being run with slow network connectivity, result in these spectacular scores of a typical Vision 42 ® application:

  • 100% - Performance

  • 100% - Progressive Web App

  • 100% - Accessibility

  • 100% - Best Practices

  • 100% - SEO

For details, see the attached report. Even on an emulated mid-range smartphone from 2016, the score stays 100% across the board. Note we make use of IPv6 and HTTP/2. An application's performance is regularly assessed. In case of diminishing performance, measures will be taken to speed up the application. Among possible improvements are database tuning and adding hardware.

Each application exists in at least three environments: development, quality assurance, and production. Our release management is based on promotion to the next environment, to limit human error. All versions of the source code, the database schemas, the documentation, and the configuration files are immutably stored in a blockchain, in case a rollback is required. All data in the quality assurance environment is copied daily from production.

Application bugs will be fixed free of charge.


Applications made by Vision 42 need infrastructure (servers, storage, and network) to run on. Vision 42 selects reliable and accomplished IaaS providers (infrastructure-as-a-service) to host the applications. At the time of writing, these providers are TransIP and Google.

Although our IaaS providers guarantee and deliver 99.99% uptime, the availability of a Vision 42 application can be slightly lower. Keeping potential database and release issues in mind, the effective availability will be at least 99.9%. Internet and customer network issues are out of our control, so the perceived availability at certain user endpoints might be lower. Free or captive-portal based Internet access, like in hotels, are often not stable enough and can cause sub-optimal operation. Intermediate cyber attacks of the distributed denial of service (DDoS) type, have been known to cause multi-hour Internet connection saturation. Our current operational status and detailed uptime statistics can be consulted on a public status page. In case of calamities, news will be published on our website or on Twitter.

The primary data center is state-of-the-art and is located in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. See the attached fact sheet for details. Our IaaS providers have a massive bandwidth available.

Vision 42 applications run on redundant physical servers. All servers have been over-dimensioned, so they have power to spare. Currently, the specifications of a single virtual server are:

  • CPU manufacturer: Intel

  • CPU cores: 4

  • CPU use, typical: < 20%

  • Memory: 8 GB

  • Disks: Intel solid-state drives (SSD), exclusively.

  • File system: ZFS

  • Although present, swap space is barely used.

We make use of multiple Domain Name System (DNS) providers: Versio, NETIM, and Freenom.

The Datacenter Group Amsterdam.pdf

Backup and Restore

Although our primary IaaS vendor provides backups, we choose not to place all of our eggs in one basket. That is why we make use of a independent BaaS provider (backup-as-a-service). At the time of writing, this provider is

Geographically, the secondary data center is located in Denver, USA [2]. In contrast with Amsterdam [1], Denver is located one mile above sea-level. The geographical difference between both locations provide protection against complete data-loss caused by most natural disasters. Additionally, offsite backups are kept at two separate locations in Belgium [3] [4]. Data for optional machine learning resides in Frankfurt [5] and London [6]. In case a big asteroid destroys The Netherlands, Colorado, and Belgium at once, we fear your data may be lost. At that moment, it will be the least of your problems...

All files, including the transaction logs of the databases, are copied to Denver with hourly intervals. Daily, a full backup of the databases is performed, verified, and stored in both data centers and all offsite locations. We keep many snapshots, so we can restore up to 3 years ago. Our RPO (recover point objective) is 3 hours in a bad scenario, making use of the local, the remote, or the IaaS copy of the transaction log. In case of a complete database loss, we will be able to restore everything - the RPO is zero.

Using the transaction logs, we can restore to any point in time. In case of accidental deleting of data, we can remove the harmful commands from the log and restore up to the current situation, without any data loss.

RTO (recover time objective) depends on the SLA (service level agreement) of your support formula and will typically be next business day at most.

We offer a takeout service to leaving clients. A large ZIP-file will be provided, containing your data in easily readable CSV-files.


Our infrastructure and the applications are continuously being monitored. Alerts are sent to the engineering staff, who often solve the infrequent problems before a customer notices. Monitoring includes:

  • Infrastructure availability

  • Application availability

  • Database integrity:

    • Table or index entries that are out of sequence

    • Misformatted records

    • Missing pages

    • Missing or surplus index entries

    • UNIQUE, CHECK, and NOT NULL constraint errors

    • Integrity of the freelist

    • Sections of the database that are used more than once, or not at all

    • Foreign key constraints that are violated

  • Backup of application files and transaction logs

  • Backup of databases

  • Backup of configuration files

  • Snapshots

  • Available disk and backup capacity

  • Intrusion or privilege escalation attempts

  • Intrusion Detection System (IDS)

  • Expiration of certificates

  • Unauthorized certificates, using certificate transparency logs

  • Undelivered email

  • Domain Name System (DNS) configuration

  • Warnings and errors of web applications

  • The timely execution of scheduled tasks

  • Scheduled tasks that are not being monitored

  • Network performance

  • External integrations

  • Even the monitoring itself


All servers run FreeBSD or Linux operating systems. We proactively patch and upgrade all system software. If an intrusion or a privilege escalation attempt is detected, automatic countermeasures will fire immediately.

Instead of passwords, salted cryptographic hashes are stored in the database. Weak passwords are not allowed. Brute-force attacks are crippled by delaying failed authorization attempts.

All network connections are encrypted, both the client/server as the server/server connections. SSL certificates are always being verified. A strong SSL certificate is used for our servers. We hold these security ratings (reports attached):

Our email is protected from eavesdropping and impersonation by:

  • Opportunistic TLS (StartTLS),

  • Sender Policy Framework (SPF),

  • DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM), and

  • Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC).

Every write operation can be traced to a specific user, an IP address, and a browser type. Relevant server logging is being kept for 10 weeks:

  • Web access, error, and TLS

  • E-mail

  • SFTP

  • FTP

Qualys SSL Labs.pdf
High-Tech Bridge SSL-TLS.pdf
Mozilla Observatory.pdf
High-Tech Bridge web server.pdf
Mail Tester.pdf